State Bar of California, 1985.
State Bar of Washington, 1997.
U.S. District Courts for Northern California (1986), Western Washington (2003), and Eastern Washington, 2004.
U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, 1992.
United States Supreme Court, 2002.
California Appellate Defense Counsel, Member.
First District Appellate Project, Oakland, California, Panel Attorney.
Sixth District Appellate Program, San Jose, California, Panel Attorney.